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Tossing Pebbles in the Stream

This blog is my place to sit and toss pebbles into the stream. The stream of Life relentlessly passing before us. We can affect it little. For the most part I just watch it passing and follow the flow. Occasionally, I need to comment on its passing, tossing a pebble at it to enjoy the ripple affect upon Life's surface.

Sunday, August 09, 2009

Native Technology: The Birch Bark Canoe

The First Nation People of North America survived for thousands of years before European occupation. They did so as a result of developing technology which perfectly met their needs.

Among native technologies the most prominent are the canoe, the snow shoes, the tobbagan, the sled, the Wigwam, the crooked knife, woven baskets and birchbark containers.

In the northern woodlands there was an abundance of flora and fauna to support life for those who could travel and seek it out in season. It is a land of countless waterways which were perfect highways with the right technological creation. That was the canoe.

I have long loved canoes. I got mine when I was 17 and I have hauled it with me wherever I went. It has brought me countless hours of enjoyment both a graceful human powered machine, and as a work of art. Mine is a classic cedar strip canvas covered canoe. Even when made in factories it is largely a hand crafted work of art.

I have always thought it would be wonderful to make a birch bark canoe as our First Nation people did in order the live there nomatic life in the great woodlands of North America. A birch bark canoe can be made with just a few hand tools and materials easily gotten from the forest. There are a few craftsmen around who still make canoes as the First Nation people did. They are people with skill and patience create a work of art which is perfectly adapted to travel on the lakes and rivers of our country.

Song of Hiawatha

Give me of your bark, O Birch Tree!
Of your yellow bark, O Birch Tree!
Tall and stately in the valley!
I a light canoe will build me,
Build a swift Cheemaun for sailing,
That shall float upon the river,
Like a yellow leaf in Autumn
Like a yellow water-lily!“

Lay aside your cloak, o Birch Tree!
Lay aside your white-skin wrapper,
For the Summer-time is coming,
And the sun is warm in heaven,
And you need no white-skin wrapper!“
Thus aloud cried Hiawatha
In the solitary forest,
By the rushing Taquamenaw,
When the birds were singing gaily.
And the tree with all its branches
Rustled in the breeze of morning,
Saying with a sigh of patience,
Take my cloak, O Hiawatha!

With his knife the tree he girdled;
Just beneath its lowest branches,
Just above the roots, he cut it,
Till the sap came oozing outward;
Sheer he cleft the bark asunder,
With a wooden wedge he raised it,
Stripped it from the trunk unbroken.

Thus the Birch Canoe was builded
In the valley, by the river,
In the bosom of the forest;
And the forest´s life was in it,
All its mystery and its magic,
All the lightness of the birch-tree,
All the toughness of the cedar,
All the larch´s supple sinews;
And it floated on the river
Like a yellow leaf in Autumn,
Like a yellow water-lily.

(Henry Longfellow)

Below is a video of a Cree, César Newashish, making a birch bark canoe from cutting down the birch tree to taking it for a test run on the water. I really enjoyed this video for several reasons. I love the appearance of the man whose life time of hard work in the out of doors shows, from his weathered skin to the slight hump in his back. I particularly love his hands, strong and full of character. I also enjoy his patience and skill in creating a finished canoe. It is nice to see the children, playing around him as he works and occasionally paying attention to what he is doing, perhaps learning a little so some day they too may make a canoe.

Pride of craftsmanship shows when the man decorates his canoe to more fully have it express itself as a work of art. He draws animals on it that are familiar to life in the bush. I hope you will take the time to watch this creation of a canoe from a few local materials, with hand tools and the skill and patience of a craftsman. It all speaks of the dignity of careful work to create the perfect object, practical and beautiful.

This canoe is very similar to the one being made in the video. It is in the Ojibwa style that the Anishinaabe (people) of this area used. This was for sale for $5,200 about twice what one would pay for a canvas cedar strip canoe like mine. Fifty years ago, when I bought mine new I paid $150.

If you wanted an authenic birchbark canoe, built according to the historic documents in the Smithstonian Museum it would cost you at least $650 a linear foot which is what Henri Vaillancourt charges for his canoes which truly are a work of art, almost too beautiful to use.

There are a few birchbark Canoe builders in our region. All seem to be interesting characters, none more so than Eric Simula, who is on a 1000 mile canoe trip in Northwestern Ontario in a canoe he built.

For a careful worker, I believe a person could make a birchbark canoe. A woman in Ottawa whose website I have visited for several years, made a small one in her backyard. She also has made other native crafts including beautiful mukluks which I covet.

In Canada, a land on countless lakes and river, with 1/4 to 1/3 of all the Earth's fresh water, the canoe is a powerful symbol of our heritage and the gift of such a perfect technology from our First Nation's People.


At 8:45 a.m., Blogger possum said...

I share your love of canoes, especially the hand made variety. I know you are familiar with the Wyeth family of artists. NC painted a birch bark canoe in several of his paintings. The actual canoe is preserved in the Studio in Chadd's Ford, PA, just a few miles from Wilmington, Delaware.
I have pictures of it somewhere, I know I have video of it because the people at the Brandywine Museum let me make my own video of the studio, among other things, to use in my classes. The kids loved the pictures that had the Indians and canoes. (I am not being politically incorrect - as a Munsee, I was raised with the term Indian and have never gotten used to the other more politically confusing, ever changing terms.)
Great post! We need pics of YOU in your canoe!

At 9:03 a.m., Blogger KGMom said...

Philip--I assume you still have your canoe. You write so lyrically, I almost want to jump in the car, drive north and go canoeing with you.

At 3:59 p.m., Blogger amelia said...

You are so knowledgeable about so many things!!
We have a couple of canoes but they're not birchbark. I forget what they are actually made of but it's a modern material.
I feel guilty now...

At 9:01 a.m., Blogger Ginnie said...

I have always loved the shape of a canoe but the birchbark ones are truly the cream of the crop. Lovely.

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Playing bingo needs more than luck or skills and techniques, contrary to what most believe. Bingo, just like any game of chance, comes with rules and regulations that players should observe. Being a player comes with responsibilities and etiquette.

Winning the Game

The moment you figured out you won, you must immediately yell BINGO, and it should be loud enough for the floor walker to hear. The pot money shall be given to the winner once their winning card is confirmed. Well, in winning or once you know you just won, the most important thing is that you shout the winning word BEFORE the time elapses. If the game proceeds and the next number is mentioned and you failed to shout "Bingo", your winning card is disqualified. Therefore, this is the rule you must know.

There may be cases when there are two winners, and in this case the pot money shall be divided equally among the winners. Supposing there are two winning cards, the two winners will share half the prize money.

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Bingo rules are basically the same no matter in which Online Bingo hall you play. But still it's good if you know these rules by heart. If it is your first try, then ask for handouts and inquire from pros regarding the game rules. Nonetheless, the ideal thing to do if you have questions is to ask the floor walker and not the person seated beside you. You should clarify things and doubts before the game starts because asking too many questions as the game proceeds could well distract you. This guideline also applies to those who are newcomers at casinos, those who play roulette for the first time.

Bingo halls demand an age limit of 18 years old. If you are below this age, you are prohibited to play. Some bingo houses ban alcohol inside, so players aren't supposed to take liquor nor drink it inside the venue. Smoking may also be restricted inside the venue, as there are designated smoking sections.

Take note that some Bingo houses don't allow food but some do, so it basically depends on the venue. Policies vary among different venues. For instance, some bingo halls allow reservation of cards, while others don't allow it. Some allow people to leave the venue in the middle of the game, others forbid it. But there are general policies observed in all bingo houses, such as disqualification of tampered bingo cards. There is no way you can get away with a tampered card because the walkers are adept at identifying authentic cards from tampered ones. You could be banned from a bingo establishment if proven liable of tampering a card. Hence, you should play honestly.

Interestingly, some venues offer special bingo games for kids although some halls don't allow players to have companions while playing. Suppose you bring kids with you, don't let them run around the venue and bother other gamers. They should behave well whilst you play and the game proceeds. Play quietly and don't recite the numbers you desperately want to come off because you'll be much of a disturbance if you do. Decorous playing is expectant of all players, even those who play roulette at casinos. Also, having a valid identification is important because you don't know you might win and need to present credentials.

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